In modern medicine are often faced with cases of adenoma of the prostate. The symptoms, the treatment, the clients of the men about the various methods of therapy is important information that you should know every one of the representatives of the male sex. Because the sooner a person will pay attention to the symptoms of the disease and is directed to the physician, the greater is the probability that the disease can be controlled without major consequences.
General information about the disease. Statistics
Why it is developed the adenoma of the prostate in men? The symptoms, the treatment, the clients on the various therapeutic procedures are described below. First, it is worth consulting general information.
The prostate gland — unpaired organ that is located below the bladder, covering the initial part of the urethra. Sometimes, for one reason or another begins unusual division of the cells of the prostate, which leads to strong and rapid hypertrophy of the connective tissues, enlargement of the prostate, the education in their tissue of knots and other seals. It is precisely in this case, and speak of an adenoma (by the way, in medicine to describe the disease more often use the term "prostatic hyperplasia").
The hyperplasia is benign, but constant increase in size of the prostate is superimposed on the normal flow of urine from the bladder, which may lead to dangerous complications. According to statistics, the disease most often recorded in patients older than 50 years. Approximately 90% of men older than 80 years suffer from one or another form of prostatic hyperplasia.
The main reasons for the development of adenomas
In practice, modern medical very often there are cases of development of the adenoma of prostate in men. The symptoms, the treatment, the clients on the various methods of treatment of the information, the interests of each patient. But, to begin with, you have to understand the causes of the development of the pathology.
Unfortunately, the mechanisms of disease development, up to the end has not been studied. However, the risk factors that exist, and with your list worth knowing.
In the first place, there is to remember about the age. As already mentioned, in most cases, the problem faced by men over the age of 50 years. This is attributed to hormonal changes caused by aging processes — the level of testosterone decreases slowly, but the number of women of the sex hormone in part increases, which can affect the tissue of the prostate. On the other hand, the adenoma could not be regarded as a natural part of aging. In addition, with the problem that faced the young men, the truth is much less common.
Potentially dangerous is the sedentary lifestyle that is sedentary and the work, as this leads to a stagnation of blood in the pelvic area and, consequently, the tissue does not receive sufficient amount of nutrients and oxygen.
There is a relationship between the development of hyperplasia and obesity. That is why doctors recommend to carefully monitor the body mass index.
To the list of risk factors lead to and poor diet, because it affects all the systems of organs, and, again, often leads to obesity.
The link between the development of hyperplasia and addictions, disciplined sexual life was detected that was not. However, statistical studies show that men who lead a healthy and active life, we face a similar problem much less.
What symptoms are accompanied by disease?
Unfortunately, the early stages of the development of the disease occurs without any kind of symptoms. But little by little the violation of the same appear, and its intensity is becoming more and more intense, which increases the adenoma. The signs of the pathology of the following:
- the need to urinate intensify, even in the night;
- the stream of urine becomes weak, often interrupted;
- for the emptying of the bladder the person has to lift the abdominal wall;
- the incontinence of the urine;
- podtekanie of urine after emptying the bubble;
- the pain in the prostate hypertrophy are also present, especially if the disease is linked with inflammation and other complications;
- the urine is often cloudy, it can be seen the impurity of the blood;
- appear erection problems;
- is this the feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
The first stage of the development of adenomas: the main symptoms of
Symptoms and treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia are closely related: the more pronounced the violation of disturbing the patient, the most radical of the methods of the therapy picks up the doctor. Of course, the clinical picture largely depends on the stage of development of the disease.
As already mentioned, the first stage of the prostatic hyperplasia often happens without any symptoms. If any of the signs and appear, then, patients are usually ignored, could see a slight indisposition, as proven by numerous customers.
The stream of urine becomes slow. To empty the man falls to tighten the abdominal muscles. Patients notice that the need to urinate intensify, and not only on the day the people have been forced several times to get up in the night, which, of course, influences the emotional state of the patient and the quality of the rest.
Features of the clinical picture in the second stage
The second phase is accompanied by the most symptomatic. The emptying of the bladder, in accordance with the patients, it becomes a difficult task — the man always has to strive, which often leads to the development or exacerbation already existing hemorrhoids, the education of hernias.
The stream of urine becomes weak, often interrupted to empty the bladder completely can not, in consequence, the fluid begins to stagnate, which could lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. Night of urgency is heightened, often, patients notice that they wake up dozens of times in the night.
Urge incontinence, podtekanie the urine is another problem faced by men. Of course, this influences the emotional state and social activity of patients. Are more closed, restless, irritable.
The third stage
In the last stages of the disease because it is difficult to ignore. The bladder wall is stretched, which can cause a short relief (for example, it disappears the pain and the constant feeling of incomplete evacuation).
However, the need of emptying are very common and acquire the rules — by the comments that the man can not control or contain the process of urination. Incontinence often so strongly expressed that the patient requires the installation of the urine-the receiver or the use of diapers.
In this phase often develops in urolithiasis, several lesions in the kidneys (up to renal failure). In addition, they appear in the system of the violation, which relate to the violation of work of the urinary system. Men often complain of dryness in the mouth, constant weakness, deterioration of appetite, loss of weight, constipation. In this phase the patients, as a general rule, requires the resection of the adenoma of prostate. But even after that it is competent for the operation of the urinary problems, unfortunately, remain.
That is dangerous adenoma? The list of possible complications
For months, sometimes years, the disease develops without visible symptoms. That is why it is dangerous hypertrophy of the prostate. The complications of the lack of timely treatment can be very dangerous:
- If an enlarged prostate is pinched urine-to display the channel, develops acute urinary retention. Typically, this occurs when it is exposed to certain risk factors, to the list of those who carry the margin of error in the diet, over stress, the supercooling. The urine accumulates in a bubble, which is accompanied by pain in the area lobka. The man is unable to urinate. It is an urgent condition that requires immediate medical attention — to resume the reflux of the urine installs special catheter. If you do not perform a process of time, there is the possibility of damage or even perforation of the walls of the bladder.
- Stagnation of urine creates the ideal conditions for the rapid growth of the population of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms. Adenoma very often for different infectious diseases of the bladder and of the kidneys (for example, it is possible to the development of pyelonephritis).
- The stagnation of the urine often becomes the cause of the education of solid konkrementov in the bladder and the development of the kidneys.
- The liquid accumulates in the cavity of the bladder, which leads to stretching, pathological change, and sometimes and damage in the walls of the authority.
- The increase of the pressure in the bladder influences on the state of the kidneys — there has been an increase of the ureters, cups and the pelvis. Severe forms of benign prostatic hyperplasia may lead to the development of kidney failure.
That is why, in any case, it is not worth to ignore such a disease, such as adenoma of the prostate. The symptoms and the treatment, diagnosis and the characteristics of the surgical intervention is the information that is worth reviewing.
Give an account of himself to alarming symptoms, you should consult a specialist. In this case, it is mandatory to complete diagnosis, since not only it is important to confirm the presence of hyperplasia, but also to determine the stage of your development, check the patient for the presence of one or other complications.
First, of course, will proceed to a general inspection, which includes palpation of the prostate during the procedure, the doctor may notice an increase and change of the structure of the authority.
Laboratory tests in the adenoma of the prostate are also required. Performed biochemical analysis of the blood, as well as the verification at the level of the sex hormones. In addition, it is necessary to the laboratory of the urine, which helps to confirm the presence of an inflammatory process in different organs of the excretory system.
Necessarily is performed ultrasound of the prostate. During the procedure, the doctor can determine the exact dimensions of the breast, to detect the stones, to measure the amount of residual urine, to check the status of the urinary tract.
More accurate results given an mri.
The biopsy of the adenoma of the prostate is performed in case of suspected presence of a malignant process.
Characteristics of the medication
The pharmacological treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (without surgery) does not help to get rid of the existing hyperplasia is difficult to understand. But with the help of appropriate medicines you can take control of the greatest pathological proliferation of tissues of the prostate, relieve the discomfort and pain, normalize the functioning of the organs of the excretory system.
As a general rule, in the adenoma apply alpha-blockers, inhibitors of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase-blockers of cholinergic receptor of the receptors. In addition, in the scheme of the therapy include the phosphodiesterase inhibitors fifth type, which will help to solve problems with erection. This is a list of effective methods. The treatment of adenoma of prostate gland also includes a proper diet and regular gymnastics, which allows you to restore the normal blood circulation in the pelvic area.
Popular treatment of adenoma of prostate
Sometimes medical therapy can be supplemented with decoctions of herbs, and other recipes of folk medicine.
Effective is considered the decoction of the bark of poplar. In the adenoma of the prostate, this tool helps you to deal with the unpleasant symptoms, in particular pain during the emptying and incontinence. Prepare the medication just: 100 g of dried bark pour a liter of boiling water, after that we keep on the small to simmer for 15-20 minutes. After the broth is cool, you can strain. The traditional healers recommend to take the medication once a day (1 glass).
Patients with adenoma advisable to include in the diet of pumpkin seeds — it is necessary to eat every day.
The medication can be prepared from the shell of the chestnut. 25 g of shredded bark, fill a cup of alcohol and insist in a dark place, in the term of 10 days. You will need to take one drop two times a day. The course of the therapy lasts 20 days, after that you need to take a break of ten.
Popular treatment of adenoma of prostate is possible only with the authorization of the doctor. Of course, these tools cannot replace full of drug therapy— all play a role is only support.
By taking a few simple recommendations, it is possible to reduce the probability of the occurrence of problems.
It is important to maintain a good physical shape, especially if it is of a man sitting at the table with the work or sedentary life. This will help to prevent the stagnation of blood in the pelvis and rid of the mass of potential problems.
Doctors advise you to carefully watch the body weight, because obesity is one of the risk factors.
The diet is also important for prevention. Abandon fatty varieties of meat, to limit the amount of fats of animal origin (for example, margarine, butter, milk). Dangerous are the sweets and flour products, as well as the alcohol.
It is necessary to abandon bad habits — that have a negative influence on the health.
At least once a year it is necessary planned routine inspection. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the greater the chances of a rapid recovery without complications.
To do of patients that has already been detected in adenoma of the prostate? The symptoms and the treatment, in this case, go hand in hand, therapy it is best to start in the early stages of development of the disease. And to prevent the development of complications (kidney, acute urinary retention, etc), leave spicy and spicy foods, alcohol (especially beer). In addition, patients should avoid hypothermia, and the time to empty the bladder. Important is the prevention and constipation — it is necessary to introduce in the diet of fiber, drinking plenty of fluids, and if necessary, taking laxatives medications.
The occurrence of any of the symptoms of anxiety — the reason to go to the doctor, give the analysis and spend several surveys. You already know about what are the signs of adenoma of the prostate accompanied by ignore can not in any case.