Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease caused by degenerative changes in the parenchyma of the prostate gland. Reinforced by the expansion of the tissues of an organ (hyperplasia) is called the adenoma of the prostate. The adenoma is a benign tumor and is often diagnosed in men over the age of 40 years. Approximately 50 % of patients with disorders in the functioning of the prostate leading unhealthy lifestyle, have bad habits and ill-fed. Precisely, the nutrition plays a large role in the treatment and prevention of prostatitis and adenoma of the prostate, so that the treatment of these diseases is performed in the background in a mandatory correction of the diet of the men.
Why is the diet?
The role of nutrition in the treatment of prostate diseases is enormous. It is very important to avoid constipation, that may cause strong painful feelings to interfere with the circulation of blood in the pelvic organs and cause poisoning, which is the result of a delay in the body of the products of putrefaction. To establish the intestinal motility and improve digestive processes, enmenú it is necessary to include more foods rich in fiber, and vegetable fibers. Them concern:
- fresh seasonal berries and fruits;
- the vegetable (preferably with plots);
- unprocessed cereals (unpolished risk, buckwheat);
- the bran of rye and wheat;
- natural fruit juices).
When the prostatitis the blood vessels of the prostate pinch, you break the cell to the power of the authority, may result in acute tissue hypoxia. The circulation of the blood in the pelvic organs is also altered, can result in internal swelling, unsafe, and the development of hydrops. To ensure the functioning of the circulatory system, you must provide the body with sufficient amount of fatty acids. They are also necessary for the healthy functioning of the reproductive and sexual systems, the normalization of the synthesis of testosterone and other sex hormones.
Important! When the prostatitis increases the risk of developing diabetes and atherosclerosis, therefore, the diet of this disease it is expected the restriction of foods with a high content of harmful cholesterol and sugar.
Description of the diet
The diet in all diseases of the prostate must contain sufficient elements necessary to maintain the health of the men. It is, in the first place, zinc and selenium. Consumption rate of data elements of the men in age from 18 to 45 years of age (on the day):
- zinc 25 mg;
- selenium – 5 mcg.
A large amount of zinc and selenium contained in fish and seafood: shrimp, Half oysters. Useful to regularly include in the chart of the cabbage, the seaweed (fucus, kelp), fish of sea. It is No less useful for eggs, but it is better to choose the eggs of species of hunting of quail, since they contain less cholesterol and more minerals in comparison with chicken eggs.
Products that contain a lot of selena:
|The group of products||What's included?|
|The eggs||Quail egg|
|Meat and offal of||Cow and pig liver|
|Seafood||Scallops, oysters, lobster, octopus|
|Legumes||Lentils, red beans, peas|
|Cereals||Oats, barley grains, buckwheat (you can take green buckwheat), brown rice, corn grains|
Foods that contain high amounts of zinc:
|The group of products||What's included?|
|Any seafood||Mussels, shrimp, oysters|
|Seeds and nuts||The seeds of pumpkin and watermelon (dried), sesame seeds, all kind of nuts|
|Meat and offal of||Marble beef, lamb, liver of calves|
|The fish||Any type of fish (especially the zinc that is found in herring)|
|Cocoa||Natural cocoa (in the sense of limited)|
|The eggs||Chicken, egg yolk|
Important! If you are unable to achieve the necessary level of consumption of these mineral substances with the help of the diet, you should take a mineral supplement or a vitamin-mineral complex. It is best to choose products with the addition of antioxidants, as they help the recovery of damaged tissues of the prostate at the cellular level and improves the functional state of the cells of the authority.
To normalize the synthesis of testosterone and to adjust the production of estradiol, it is necessary to include in the diet foods that contain vitamin E. not only cleanses the cells of toxins and waste, but it also helps to be other useful items, and also improves the state of the mucous membranes and the soft tissues of the prostate.
The principle of nutrition in the diseases of the prostate gland
Eating is necessary in the small portions (200 to 300 g in one), it is desirable to do so in a particular schedule. The food intake at the same time that it improves the digestive processes, contributing enough to the development of digestive enzymes, improves the absorption of other useful elements and substances and prevents the formation of constipation.
Diet for prostatitis
It is recommended to avoid excessive consumption of liquids in the evening, since this can affect the quality of nighttime sleep, and can lead to swelling of the prostate.
The basis of the ration should be protein foods with the addition of vegetables, fruits, cereals and vegetable oils of good quality. The consumption of carbohydrate, it is advised to reduce to the minimum.
Important! If a man is suffering from overweight, you should consult the nutritionist of nutrition and treatment of diet. This applies especially to patients with a body weight of more than 90-100 kg Obesity has a negative influence on the state of the prostate and impedes the normal operation of the authority, therefore, any treatment for the effects of this factor will be ineffective.
That should be excluded?
Diseases of the prostate, the doctors advise to reduce the consumption of salt, since it causes fluid retention and helps to increase the swelling in the tissues of the authority. This reinforces the intensity of the inflammatory process and pain syndrome, reducing the effectiveness of the treatment. Spices, condiments, pickled vegetables with the addition of vinegar, pickles, the house of the piece – all of this you can also contribute to the accumulation of liquid in fat fiber, therefore, these products are excluded from the diet.
Prohibited food in the prostatitis
It is expressly forbidden to use the following categories of products:
- the caviar of the fish;
- chocolate and products containing cocoa, and confectionery glaze;
- soft drinks, lemonade;
- butter sweet, fresh bread;
- the sauces of the industrial production;
- canned goods;
- salty of the cheese.
Prohibited the use of products with lots of chemical additives: emulsifiers, dyes, stabilisers, preservatives. Yogurt, that are older than 5-7 days, you will not bring any benefit to the organism, therefore, these foods should not enter into the menu of a patient with prostatitis.
When the prostatitis is strictly prohibited the consumption of alcoholic beverages
Important! It is strictly prohibited the consumption of alcoholic beverages (at either dose). This rule relates to alcoholic production with the of any, even the smallest of the ethyl alcohol content. Alcohol affects the blood vessels and the circulation of the blood in the tissues of the prostate, causing shortage of oxygen and nutrients. This can be the cause of impotence, infertility, growth of the malignant cells and inflammatory processes.
After an acute process will enter in a phase of remission, are supported under the relief. In a limited number of you can consume:
- cocoa (1 time per week);
- dark chocolate (1-2 teeth);
- peas and lima beans;
- the vegetables that contain lots of purines (cabbage, onion);
- the liver of pig and cow, stomachs (1 time every 7-10 days).
Foods with high content of purines
If the patient takes the decision about the consumption of alcohol, you must follow certain rules:
- alcoholic beverages must be of good quality (purchase in stores with a license);
- you can not drink alcohol on an empty stomach;
- the snack should consist of protein products (meat and poultry) and slow carbs (rye bread);
- in all the bad feelings (pain, stomach upset, nausea, dizziness), the reception of alcohol must cease;
- you can't beat one for patients with prostatitis dose.
Valid dose of alcohol on the adenoma of prostate and prostatitis (strictly in the period of remission!)
|Dosage||The amount of alcohol|
|The vodka||50-100 ml|
|The beer||350-500 ml|
|The wine (the fortress of 8.5% to 12%)||200 ml|
Important! The consumption of alcohol can be no more than 2 times a month strictly to recommended doses.
Nutrition in diseases of the prostate must be varied and of quality. It is important to follow the content of proteins and carbohydrates, to avoid excess fat consumption. Below are the recommendations of authorized products for each group of nutrients.
- vegetable oils (pumpkin, almonds and olive oil);
- the sour cream;
- the fat (a small piece of no more than 2 times a month).
The consumption of animal fats should be limited, as they contain a lot of cholesterol, can cause blockage of the blood vessels and reduce the circulation of blood in the tissues of the prostate. Before cooking the meat, with it, it is necessary to remove all the fat, the skin and the film.
When the prostatitis and the adenoma of the prostate, the consumption of animal fats should be limited.
- poultry meat (turkey, chicken, quail);
- lean beef, rabbit, lamb;
- the egg white;
- dairy products (cheese, yogurt without added milk);
- the fish of all varieties (allowed the consumption of fatty fish).
A lot of good-quality protein contained in nuts and seeds of the pumpkin, but can include in the menu only after the acute edema of the inflammatory process. Cottage cheese and dairy products should be included in the diet each day.
Foods with high protein content
- cereals and cereals;
- sweet berries and fruits;
- starchy vegetables (potatoes and carrots, a beet);
- sweets made of seaweed (the pills, the jam, marshmallows).
The consumption of vegetables containing starch, should be strictly dosed. When the prostatitis are helpful garlic, tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, any type of vegetation. They are easily assimilated by the body, contain all the components necessary to the health of the men vitamins and minerals, prevents constipation and digestive disorders and cleans the blood vessels of toxins.
Note! All meals should be prepared for the method of extinguishing or boiling. It is baked without the addition of fat. Salt to the food that is needed after cooking, using the minimum of salt.
Example of menu for the week
|The day of the week||Breakfast||Brunch||Lunch||The afternoon tea||The dinner||Before you go to sleep|
|Monday||Barley oats in the milk (200 g), orange juice (150 ml), carrots with cream and apple (100 g)||The pumpkin puree and peaches (150 g)||Vegetable salad with dressing of olive oil (120 g), beef, octopus with tomato filling (250 g) mineral water (100 ml)||Biscuit toast (2 pieces), kefir (180 ml)||Baked potato with the cod cooked (220 g), peeled cucumber (50 g), decoction of rosehip seed oil (180 ml)||A glass of natural yogurt|
|Tuesday||Porridge of rice with fruits in water (200 g), very soft boiled quail egg, apple juice (150 ml)||Pudding of banana (120 g)||Beet in lean meat broth (220 g), baked mackerel with vegetables (180 g), compote of figs (100 ml)||Slice jam, milk (180 ml)||Salad with squid and vegetables (180 ml), a piece of rye bread in with the and not salty cheese, green tea (150 ml)||Kefir (100 ml)|
|Wednesday||Oatmeal with milk with a pear tree and apple (200 g), decoction of rosehip seed oil (180 ml)||Banana||Vegetable soup with pasta (200 ml) of mashed potato, and broccoli with chicken (180 g), stewed prunes (150 ml)||Any jams of fruit, 2 crackers, "mary"||Stew cabbage with meat and paprika (220 g), chamomile tea (150 ml)||A glass of milk|
|Thursday||The barley rice with the onion and carrot (200 g), tomatoes and cucumber (50 g), black tea with sugar (150 ml)||8-10 nuts||Soup-puree of mushrooms with croutons of rye bread (220 g), tomato juice (150 ml)||Rich with jam (150 g), pudding berries (100 ml)||The vinaigrette (180 g), boiled fish (150 g), berry compote (120 ml)||Cup of yogurt|
|Friday||Porridge of flour of maize grains (200 g), cheese (20 g), tea (150 ml)||Pears in the oven (150 g)||Steam veal meatballs with side of pasta solid varieties (230 g), compote of dried apricots (150 ml)||Cottage cheese with berries (120 g)||Rabbit with a side dish of cabbage and sour cream sauce (200 g), decoction of rosehip seed oil (120 ml)||Natural yoghurt|
|Saturday||Omelette of 2 eggs, cherry tomatoes (50 g), banana juice (120 ml)||Dried pumpkin seeds (30 g)||The ear of rainbow trout (200 ml) of mashed potatoes with parties of goulash of lamb meat and tomato sauce (150 g), compote of dried fruits (120 ml)||Puree (100 g)||Meatballs fish with boiled buchweizen (180 g), a drink of linden and chamomile (150 ml)||A glass of milk|
|Sunday||Cheese casserole (200 g), very boiled egg, tea (150 ml)||Berry soufflé (120 g)||The risotto with chicken (210 g), compote (150 ml)||Biscuit toast (2 pieces), yogurt||Stew cabbage with meat and paprika (220 g), chamomile tea (150 ml)||Soup vegetables freshly squeezed juice (150 ml)|
By observing the healing of the diet when the prostatitis and the adenoma of the prostate, can accelerate the recovery, extend the period of remission, restore the normal operation of the authority and improve the quality of life. All nutritional recommendations are common: an accurate diet plan and individual target must make the doctor, taking into account the patient's age and the severity of the underlying disease.