Urethritis is a disease characterized by the inflammatory process in the urinary channel. Most bright symptoms of urethritis are expressed in the sensation of pain during urination, as well as the emergence of the secretions of the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Types of urethritis
Urethritis – an infectious disease, therefore, its development occurs due to exposure to an infectious agent. This can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, and other Also very rare cases, the disease x-ray, toxic, allergic, and some other species of the urethritis.
In function of that, due to exposure to a pathogen develops urethritis, there are two types of diseases: uretriti specific and non-specific. In the first case, the specific aspect of urethritis cause (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc) of These infections can be combined with the influence of other viruses, fungi, bacteria, when this in the body can be of various infections. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as a general rule, a person is not logged when the acute phase of the disease goes into a chronic.
Non-specific urethritis is manifested due to the exposure of shareware pathogens of the intestinal flora. Its appearance is caused by staphylococci, streptococci, coliform bacteria, fungi, and other diseases in both cases, it develops and manifests itself in almost the same way. But it is very important to note that in the case of the detection of sexual infection to all sexual partners patient should undergo a course of treatment.
Features of urethritis
As a general rule, a specific manifestation of urethritis occurs after sexual intercourse. However, it happens that a person is infected at a certain time becomes the carrier of the infection. In this case, the disease may manifest itself at any time. Due to the sexual relationship can manifest and non-specific urethritis.
The cause of the development of the inflammatory process in the urinary channel to become an error of the immunity of the channel wall. Urethra constantly gets the infection, the infection occurs through the blood, the intestines, the skin, among other places. Especially strong infection that occurs in the process of having sex. Therefore, until the wall of the urethra can fight off the infection, the disease does not develop. But at the slightest failure of the functioning of the mechanisms of protection occurs an inflammatory process, which is accompanied by all the symptoms.
There are a number of factors that are often the scars in the process of emergence of the disease. First of all urethritis in men, and in women it can occur as a consequence of a single or permanent hypothermia. At the onset of the urethritis affects the presence of the person in the kidneys. When the sand or the stone moves down the channel of the urethra, then it is possible to injury the walls and in the subsequent emergence of urethritis. Predispose to the disease injury to the penis, are too heavy physical loads, irregularity in the sexual life. However, it is too high, the sexual activity and frequent change of partners, can also lead to the development of the disease. It is not recommended to also the frequent use of spicy foods as well as salty, acidic dishes, pickled vegetables, the large amount of alcohol. Falling in the urine, of the substance of such foods may irritate the wall of the channel. Finally, it can cause an inflammation or demonstrating the progression of already existing disease.
The factor that causes the manifestation of urethritis is usually the lack of drink: irregular urination cause the delay of the bacteria in the body, as the urine is flushed with the wall of the bladder. When several hours of rest between the campaigns in the toilet risk for the development of the inflammation of the pressing. Also urethritis may be manifest in the background of chronic inflammations, emerging in the body.
Therefore, there are many factors that can subsequently develop into factors involved in the development of urethritis. Therefore, this disease can occur to any person.
The symptoms of urethritis
Already in the beginning of the disease are manifested strong symptoms of urethritis: pain and the pain, burning sensation and itching during urination. Also in the process of urinating men may feel any other not comfortable manifestations. These experiences occur and in the genital organs, and in the crotch.
Another symptom of urethritis is the appearance of the secretions of the urethra. You can have a character varied. Thus, depending on the type of agent that caused the urethritis, the secretions are very abundant or scarce. During the exacerbation of the disease the outer edge of the hole can become inflamed, and paste. However, in some cases, the development of urethritis is not accompanied by secretions.
Each time, the worsening of the disease, the inflammation affects all over a substantial part of the mucosa of the urethra. Therefore the symptoms of urethritis with each flare are becoming more evident. Therefore, if the disease is not treated by appropriate methods, it is possible the occurrence of complications of urethritis.
If you study the symptoms of urethritis from the point of view of their manifestation in each of the types of the disease, we notice some differences with the clinical picture.
Thus, acute urethritis the men and women of the main symptoms is a strong burning sensation and pain during urination, the presence of abundant secretions of the urethra, the swelling and visible redness of the lips of the urethra. When torpid urethritis are observed disorders subjective. They do not manifest themselves clearly, in some cases, missing completely.
In the case of sub-acute of urethritis occurs the reduction of pain and inflammation in the urethra, it also reduces the amount of flow. Only in the morning, sometimes it manifests the cortex. The urine has a tint, it can be found festering thread.
In the urethritis, which is manifested as a result of the incorrect approach to the treatment or the total absence of it, are possible phenomena neurotic. Often this form of urethritis there is a small selection of the urethra. They are most abundant, subject to the availability of some of the factors that cause the worsening of the disease. This can be excessive consumption of alcohol, the excitement, the subcool. The symptoms of urethritis in chronic form often similar to the symptoms of urethritis.
For the total of urethritis characterized by inflammation of the urethra in general. The symptoms of this form of the disease are similar to the symptoms of prostatitis. However, it is important to note that, in the absence of therapy of the symptoms of urethritis may disappear by itself. However, each time the worsening of the disease symptoms are expressed even more strongly. Finally, the patient can experience serious complications of the urethritis.
The diagnosis of urethritis
For the correct treatment necessary, in the first place, to properly install the diagnosis. First, the doctor tries to find out what are the reasons that have led to the emergence of urethritis in the patient. Thus, for the establishment of the pathogen of the disease are applied different laboratory tests (smear, dna detection, pcr). Often the doctor performing a pelvic ultrasound for a proper assessment of his state. Guided by the results obtained, the patient is assigned to a particular therapy.
The treatment of urethritis
For the treatment of urethritis is as effective as possible, it is necessary, first of all, determine what type of infection caused an inflammation of the urethra. In the treatment of urethritis using the same schemas of the therapy, in the treatment of candidiasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other diseases of the sexual system. To fight against pathogenic microorganisms use different medicines. First of all, it is from the antibiotics, as well as the media with anti-fungal and antiviral action.
It is important for the treatment of urethritis occurred in parallel to the two sexual partners, due to the high likelihood of transmission of infection during sexual intercourse.
And specific and non-specific urethritis cure, guided by the same principles. This classification is important from the point of view of the selection of medicines for the treatment of urethritis, as well as to understand if there is a need in the treatment of the sexual partner of the patient.
If the patient is diagnosed by the combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important to an integrated approach to treatment. When this doctor must be assigned to the application of physiotherapy procedures, as well as the instillation of the medicine into the bladder and the urethra. The treatment process can last a few days and several weeks: this depends on the degree of severity of the disease.
It is important the correct approach to the treatment by the patient. Indeed, not only pharmacological treatment, but also the compliance of the prescribed by the doctor diet, abstinence from alcohol, the drink abundant.
After the course of therapy has finished, and all the symptoms disappeared, must necessarily perform the analysis again to check the status of the patient. This will help to ensure that the infection is able to destroy.