Prostatitis is the most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men of reproductive age. When prostatitis occurs, the prostate gland becomes inflamed and swollen.
The disease is treated conservatively. The patient is prescribed drugs that help improve diuresis, relieve inflammation of the glandular organ and suppress pathogenic microflora in the prostate.
Treatment is supplemented with diet, exercise therapy, and a variety of other activities. The patient may be prescribed physiotherapy procedures, including prostate massage.
Reasons for prostatitis
Prostatitis is a disease accompanied by inflammation of the glandular organ. The disease progresses more frequently due to the entry of pathogenic microflora into the prostate. Also, inflammation can be caused not only by bacteria, but also by fungal microorganisms.
Prostatitis is often a consequence of sexually transmitted diseases, such as candidiasis, trichomoniasis, syphilis, human papillomavirus, chlamydia, and others.
Other factors can also cause inflammation in the prostate gland, namely:
- Lack of physical activity.
- Prolonged sexual abstinence or, conversely, excessive sexual activity.
- Unbalanced diet, obesity.
- The presence of chronic diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Perineal trauma.
- Hormonal disorders, including insufficient synthesis of testosterone (male sex hormone).
- Harmful working conditions.
- Overheating in the pelvic area.
- Smoking, drug and alcohol addiction.
Important!Birth defects of the urethra can also cause inflammation of the prostate.
Symptoms and diagnosis of prostatitis
Taking into account the causes of prostatitis in men and its treatment with drugs, the symptoms of the disease cannot be ignored. As you know, prostatitis can have a different etiology.
Doctors distinguish stagnant, fungal, abacterial, bacterial, autoimmune, asymptomatic, and allergic prostatitis. The most common forms are stagnant and bacterial.
The typical symptoms of inflammation of the prostate are:
- Increased need to urinate. The frequency increases at night.
- Intermittent and painful urination. If the prostatitis was caused by pathogenic microorganisms, the urine becomes cloudy and purulent / cheesy / mucous impurities appear.
- Violation of potency. In severe cases, erectile dysfunction develops.
- Premature ejaculation. It happens that with prostatitis, on the contrary, a man can not finish for a long time.
- Pain in the perineum and pubis. The pain syndrome increases during intercourse and urination.
- Burning and itching in the urethra.
With the development of an acute bacterial form of prostatitis, a man develops symptoms of intoxication. Body temperature rises, general weakness, insomnia and irritability appear.
If you experience the characteristic symptoms of prostatitis, you should consult a urologist. Diagnosis involves passing a series of instrumental tests and examinations.
The patient should be prescribed an ultrasound of the prostate, LHC culture of the prostate, digital rectal examination of the prostate gland, general and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, blood tests for PSA, CRP, spermogram.
Important!After the diagnosis, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes the appropriate medications.
What medications are used for prostatitis?
In the treatment of prostatitis, antibiotics form the basis of therapy. Broad spectrum antibiotics are used. The patient may be prescribed cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, penicillins.
Antibiotics suppress the infection, making it possible to stop the inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
In addition to antibiotics, they are prescribed:
- Alpha blockers.Medications are used both in the treatment of prostatitis and in the treatment of prostate adenoma. Medications help improve urine output and relieve unpleasant urination symptoms. Medications must be taken long term.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.They are used during an exacerbation of prostatitis. Medicines help relieve pain. NSAIDs are used in the form of tablets, injectable solutions, and suppositories.
- Hormonal drugs.Prescribed if NSAIDs have not helped relieve pain.
- Bioregulatory peptides.These medications contain bovine prostate extract. Modern peptides help stop the inflammatory process and improve trophism of tissues. In addition, the funds contribute to the normalization of power and blood circulation in the small pelvis.
Pharmaceutical dietary supplements, homeopathic and naturopathic remedies can be used for auxiliary purposes. Medications can even be taken to prevent prostatitis.
If you want to normalize the potency, you can use PDE-5 inhibitors, homeopathic remedies, or dietary supplements.
It is worth noting that 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are not used for prostatitis. These medications are prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Important!If the diagnosis has shown that there are stones in the prostate, an operation is prescribed to the patient.
It is not enough to use drugs for prostatitis. To transfer the disease to the stage of stable remission, complex and well-structured therapy will be required.
With a congestive form of the disease, it is mandatory to massage the prostate with your fingers. The procedure must be performed by a urologist. If you do not want to visit doctors constantly, you can buy a prostate stimulator.
This device will help you perform massages at any convenient time of the day. The instructions for stimulants say they must be injected into the anus. A cleansing enema is preliminarily placed, a condom is placed on the device, and the anorectal area is disinfected. Modern massagers have a vibration head that helps increase the effectiveness of the physical therapy procedure.
It is also recommended for the patient:
- Limit the amount of fatty, sweet and starchy foods in the diet. Ideally, eat a low-carb diet.
- Get exercise therapy, lead an active lifestyle. It is very possible to play sports. The most useful sports are swimming, Nordic walking, running, yoga.
- Have a sex life. It is imperative to use a barrier method of contraception (condoms). Regular sex will improve the blood circulation in the pelvis and the discharge of secretions from the prostate.
- Observe the daily routine, sleep 6 to 8 hours a day.
- Give up addictions. Scientific reviews have shown that men who smoke, use drugs, and alcohol are significantly more likely to develop prostatitis. That is why doctors recommend quitting these bad habits once and for all.
- Alternative methods can be used to treat prostatitis. They are not a panacea and can only act as a supplement. Pretty good home remedies are hazelnut infusion, wormwood decoction, propolis candles, parsley decoction.
Based on the above, we can conclude that prostatitis is not a sentence. The disease is quite treatable. With timely access to doctors, you can get rid of the disease quickly and almost painlessly.
Do not let the disease run its course, because prostatitis is an extremely dangerous condition. Late treatment is fraught with BPH, prostate cancer, infertility, impotence, premature ejaculation.