Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland in men. It is located at the back of your bladder, as it is folded around your neck. With inflammation of the prostate, it compresses this part of the bladder, which greatly complicates urination and makes it painful. What kind of disease is prostatitis is quite clear. However, every man worth his salt should know everything about prostatitis: what is prostatitis, symptoms of prostatitis, treatment and causes of the disease.
Reasons for prostatitis
The most common causes of prostatitis in men and their consequences are:
- Trophism violation. Circulatory disorders and innervation are one of the main causes of prostatitis. Such violations can lead to:
- overweight problems;
- maintain a sedentary lifestyle;
- wearing uncomfortable clothes.
- Causes of infectious genesis. Most often, the disease can occur due to a decrease in the level of microflora in the body, a decrease in the level of immunity, or the presence of foci of inflammation in neighboring organs.
- Violation of the synthesis of sex hormones. One of the main reasons for the formation of prostatitis and its consequences is the hypersecretion of male sex hormones. These include: testosterone, androsterone, androstenedione, androstenediol, and dihydrotestosterone. They can cause inflammation in the prostate.
- Presence of foreign bacterial organisms. They can come from the intestines or other abdominal organs. Under certain conditions, they can cause inflammatory changes in the prostate.
- Various pelvic injuries. Due to blood loss or compression of the pelvic vessels during trauma, hypoxia of the prostate can occur, which will undoubtedly lead to prostatitis.
- Surgical interventions in the small pelvis. Complications from some operations can cause inflammation of the prostate gland.
- Rectal congestion. The presence of chronic constipation is a direct path to prostatitis.
There are many factors that significantly increase the risk of contracting the disease.
- Having bad habits. Smoking more than 5 cigarettes a day increases the risk of prostate disease by 40%.
- Working with chemicals. Men who work in this area get sick 2 times more often than others.
- Age. After age 35, every man's prostate enlarges. This is normal, but then it can increase even more, which in most cases leads to illness.
- Food quality and regime violations. Fatty foods increase the risk of disease by 30% and fried foods by 35%.
- Taking medication. Immunosuppressant treatment reduces immunity and increases the risk of disease.
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Such diseases include: HIV, gonorrhea, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, candidiasis.
It is worth knowing and avoiding the factors that increase your risk of disease: eat well, lead a healthy lifestyle and minimize exposure to chemicals. This will help reduce your chance of getting sick from time to time!
Types of prostatitis
Currently, doctors distinguish 4 forms of the disease:
- acute form;
- chronic bacterial form;
- chronic form;
- chronic asymptomatic.
The sharp shape is very common. Basically, it occurs due to a bacterial infection in the body. In this way, the gland is very enlarged and painful. In patients, cachexia, fever attacks, low fever can be observed.
The chronic bacterial form is the result of the acute form of the disease. If you don't deal with the treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis, it eventually moves on to other forms with milder symptoms.
The asymptomatic form is characterized by an asymptomatic course of the disease and can only be detected during a routine examination.
In the history of the development of inflammation of the prostate gland, two main mechanisms can be distinguished:
- urinogenic (in the presence of inflammatory processes in other organs of the male genitourinary system):
- hematogenous (associated with the presence of foci of infection in the body).
Prostatitis symptoms: first signs
How does prostatitis manifest in men? It is worth remembering that the disease initially has the same symptoms as most diseases of the genitourinary system. Therefore, if you find any, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The first signs of prostatitis in men:
- Dysuria. It can be expressed in urinary retention in the afternoon or in the morning. It is the first symptom of prostatitis.
- Sensation of incomplete urination. The presence of some heaviness in the lower abdomen after urination is a sign of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
- Potency disorders and pathological ejaculation. Sexual problems and changes in the structure of semen serve as a sign of prostate disorders.
- Detection of pathological structures in urine. Cases of blood, protein, casts in the urine - all this can be a symptom of prostatitis.
The disease may progress and the primary symptoms may complement the secondary ones. These are:
- Inflammation of the genitourinary system.
- Changes in the structure of urine.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, which can radiate to the right and left sides.
Unfortunately, not everyone notices the manifestation of prostatitis in men in the early stages. Therefore, it is important to know the signs of prostatitis, symptoms and in the later stages of the disease, so as not to be left with nothing.
With the enlargement of the prostate gland and the presence of pathological processes in it, the following prostatitis syndromes can be added to the main symptoms:
- hemorrhoidal inflammation of the rectal veins;
- pain when defecating, presence of impurities in the blood;
- chronic venous insufficiency of the lower extremities, its paralysis;
- low back pain.
Knowing the symptoms of prostatitis, treatment can be started immediately.
If these symptoms are noticed, the disease becomes chronic in almost 100% of cases. To maintain the health of your prostate, it is important to know what the symptoms of its inflammation are and, if necessary, see a doctor immediately.
Several types of tests can be used to diagnose inflammation of the prostate gland:
- Probing method. The doctor palpates the prostate gland with his finger through the anal ring and palpates. This is the most common method of diagnosing a disease.
- CT and MRI of the pelvic organs.
- Urine and blood analysis.
- Semen analysis.
- Extract and analyze the secret of the prostate.
The main tests in the diagnosis of prostatitis include:
- three-vessel urine sample;
- general urine and blood tests;
- microbiological analysis.
Do not neglect scheduled visits to the doctor, because it is very difficult for an ordinary person to know everything about prostatitis, because this will help to quickly detect prostatitis and start its treatment early.
Inflammation of the prostate should be treated on an outpatient basis in most cases. When carrying out complex treatment of the disease, several important principles remain:
- carry out a therapy that aims to combat the bacterial cause of the disease;
- improve the quality of blood circulation in the prostate:
- various massages;
- healing exercises.
It is necessary to follow exactly the full course of several general principles of prostatitis treatment:
- Regular medication according to the schedule.
- Maintain a normal sex life for a man.
- Medical exercises aimed at normalizing blood circulation in the prostate.
- Refrain from smoking tobacco.
- Rational diet:
- rejection of fatty, spicy and fried foods;
- refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages, coffee, strong teas, sodas;
- eat foods that are richer in vitamins and minerals, as well as essential amino acids.
The main treatments for prostatitis:
- the appointment of anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as drugs aimed at reducing pain in the prostate for the treatment of prostatitis;
- elimination of the presence of stagnation phenomena in the gland;
- strengthening immunity with immunostimulating drugs, as it is significantly reduced during illness;
- strictly individual drug selection.
But it should also be noted that the treatment of acute and chronic forms has a different approach. For example, if the patient has an acute form of the disease, he should follow the treatment tactics described below.
- bed rest;
- antibiotic therapy;
- Prostate massage is not performed in any case, since the risk of sepsis is very high;
- intravenous administration of drugs to improve blood supply to the prostate;
- oral use of anti-inflammatory drugs;
- the use of rheological solutions in connection with attacks of severe intoxication of the male body for the treatment of prostatitis.
When treating chronic diseases, the methods are slightly different. For example:
- taking anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of prostatitis;
- elimination of problems with sexual activity by taking drugs that have a sedative effect;
- prescribe drugs that can boost immunity;
- Strengthening of the pelvic muscles to eliminate poor circulation problems.
It is necessary to comply with all this during the treatment, after the treatment do not forget or give up some things either.
It is important to remember about prostatitis that the earlier the patient begins treatment, the more favorable the prognosis in the future. And you should always stay optimistic.
Prevention of prostatitis
There are enough methods to prevent prostatitis and do not require special expenses:
- Stop bad habits. As practice shows, smoking increases the risk of prostatitis by up to 50% and that of alcohol by 15%. If you want to maintain your man's health the way he is supposed to, you must give up this "pleasure. "
- Contact with chemicals as little as possible. If you work in a manufacturing plant, try to shorten the time you spend directly at the source of chemicals.
- Compliance with a healthy diet. It should be remembered that the regular consumption of fried and fatty foods is very harmful to health. Therefore, you should eat vegetables and fruits as often as possible, preferably in season.
- Active lifestyle. You should try to play sports more often, do morning exercises, spend your free time in the fresh air. This will have a very positive effect not only on the prostate, but also on men's health in general.
- Regular medical check-ups. Prostatitis develops relatively slowly, so it can be easily detected during the next visit to the doctor.
- Healthy sleep. You need 8-10 hours of sleep. Violation of this regimen will increase the risk of disease.
Prostatitis can go unnoticed and gradually begin to deprive you of many of life's joys. If you do not want this to happen, you need to carefully monitor your health. After all, only you can protect yourself and give your prostate a healthy future.