Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland in men with dangerous consequences for male reproductive health. Prostatitis can be cured with inexpensive and effective medications that eliminate painful sensations and swelling, increase local immunity, and accelerate the renewal and regeneration of prostate tissues.
Features of drug therapy for prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammatory lesion of the prostate gland, which can occur in an acute or chronic stage and have various causes. Medicines for the treatment of the disease are selected individually, depending on their form and stage, as well as the age and general health of the man.
Medications for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in men:
- antibacterial drugs;
- alpha blockers;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- rectal suppositories;
- glucocorticosteroids (steroid hormones);
- muscle relaxants;
- vitamin complexes.
Prostatitis can be bacterial or non-bacterial. In the first case, pathogenic microorganisms (staphylococci, streptococci) become the cause of the disease, in the second - congestion in the pelvic area.
When choosing the most effective method of treatment, the cause of the development of the disease should be taken into account, which is established according to the results of laboratory tests.
Effective drugs for the treatment of prostatitis
Home medical therapy aims to eliminate the root causes of the disease, inhibit the further development of the inflammatory process, and eliminate pain and discomfort.
The most effective drug should be selected only by a doctor based on the type of causative agent of the disease, its severity, as well as the age and state of health of the man.
Antibiotic therapy for prostatitis
Antibiotics are mandatory pharmacological agents in the treatment of acute or bacterial prostatitis in adult patients. Antibacterial drugs destroy pathogenic microorganisms that provoked the development of an acute or chronic inflammatory process.
List of fast-acting antibiotics for prostatitis:
Fluoroquinolones are broad-spectrum antibiotics, so they are prescribed for different forms and degrees of inflammation. In the case of an advanced form of chronic prostatitis, macrolides or tetracyclines will be the most effective.
The duration of antibiotic therapy for inflammation of the prostate is at least 4 weeks.
For the treatment of prostatitis, antibacterial drugs are taken in various drug forms. These can be tablets for oral use, rectal suppositories, intravenous or intramuscular injections.
Use of anti-inflammatory drugs
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed if the development of prostatitis is not associated with bacterial pathogens or if antibiotic therapy has not produced the expected results.
Anti-inflammatory drugs quickly relieve the symptoms of the inflammatory process and reduce muscle tone. Such pharmacological agents inhibit the further development of inflammation, eliminate swelling and have a pronounced analgesic effect.
With prolonged use, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs adversely affect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, therefore such drugs are taken in short courses (up to 5-7 days) with a mandatory weekly break.
Pharmaceuticals not only eliminate spasms in the pelvic area, but also restore normal body temperature, reduce the likelihood of thrombosis, and normalize the full functioning of the prostate gland.
Alpha Blocker Treatment
Alpha-blockers are drugs whose therapeutic effect is aimed at normalizing urination and restoring erectile function in men. During the period of exacerbation of prostatitis, urinary function disorders often appear. It is in such cases that a course of alpha-blockers is prescribed.
The pharmacological action of alpha blockers is directed at the receptors of the sympathetic nervous system, which regulate the tone of the smooth muscle of the bladder. Medications in this group suppress the activity of neurons that cause uncontrolled contraction of the pelvic muscles. This helps relax the muscles of the urethra and normalizes urination.
Alpha blockers are taken over a long course, up to 6-8 months.
When these drugs are used, urine output is normalized, painful sensations when urinating disappear, manifestations of inflammation decrease, and further development stops.
Administration of rectal suppositories
Rectal suppositories are often part of the complex treatment of prostatitis and the prevention of exacerbation of the disease. These drugs have many advantages over tablets and capsules: due to rectal administration, suppositories act directly on the focus of inflammation, providing a quick effect.
Rectal suppositories minimize the negative effects of the drug composition on the kidneys, liver and organs of the digestive system. Suppositories contain effective, safe and natural ingredients: collection of herbs, propolis, which are combined with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory substances.
Pumpkin seed rectal suppositories are also used. Anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effect are considered effective.
Suppositories containing enzymes are often used to treat prostatitis. They accelerate the renewal and repair of prostate tissue at the cellular level.
Rectal suppositories effectively stimulate blood circulation in the small pelvis, suppress the inflammatory process, eliminate swelling and pain, and also normalize urine output.
The benefits of hormonal drugs
Hormonal drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are used exclusively in the most severe and advanced cases. Glucocorticosteroids should be prescribed only by a urologist; self-medication in this case is unacceptable.
The action of hormonal agents is aimed at eliminating the causes of the development of the inflammatory process and preventing its further development, restoring the normal state of the prostate gland and full erectile function.
Glucocorticosteroids are more effective in exacerbating prostatitis. They quickly eliminate pain spasms, normalize the flow of urine and reduce swelling. Anti-androgen medications may be prescribed to older men to reduce androgen activity and prevent proliferation of prostate tissue.
During treatment, it should be noted that glucocorticosteroids reduce the body's immune defenses, therefore hormonal drugs are prohibited for men with HIV.
Hormonal drugs are used when antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are ineffective.
The use of sedatives
Many men experience very severe prostatitis, accompanied by erectile dysfunction, impaired sexual performance, and decreased quality of intimate life. As a result, the disease negatively affects the functioning of the nervous system, it becomes the cause of stress, anxiety and depression, nervous attacks and aggression.
The most widely used herbal sedatives of natural origin, which eliminate constant nervous tension in a context of acute pain in the prostate, urinary disorders and deterioration of the quality of life in general.
For the long-term treatment of a chronic illness accompanied by serious mental disorders, stronger antidepressants are used. Such pharmacological agents are used only as directed by a physician.
Pain Relief Medications
In case prostatitis is accompanied by severe spasms in the prostate gland area, pain relievers are prescribed. They not only stop spasms, but also stimulate blood circulation in the pelvic organs, normalize urine output, and reduce the tone of the smooth muscles of the perineum. In such cases, muscle relaxants can be used.
In many cases, pain relievers are used in the form of rectal suppositories, for example a medicine containing natural belladonna extract.
When treating with anesthetic drugs, it should be noted that they have an exclusively symptomatic effect: they stop spasms of pain in the lower abdomen, but they have no effect on the cause of the disease. Therefore, painkillers are used only in complex treatments, simultaneously with antibiotics or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Taking immunomodulators and vitamins
Reduced immunity contributes to the rapid progression of the inflammatory process, makes the body vulnerable to various viruses, infections and pathogens. Therefore, as an adjunct to the drug treatment of prostatitis, a course of immunomodulators and multivitamin complexes is necessarily prescribed.
The intake of immunomodulators and vitamin complexes in the early stages of the disease helps prevent the development of such dangerous complications as urethritis. An effective addition to the drug treatment of inflammation of the prostate will be various dietary supplements based on natural medicinal herbs, as well as treatment with folk remedies.
The most useful are complexes, which include propolis and other beekeeping products, pumpkin seeds, duck peony, beaver brook, nettle, creeping fire grass, as well as burdock and sabal palm fruits.
Effectiveness of prostatitis treatment
The effectiveness of drug treatment for prostatitis depends not only on the right drug drugs, but also on a man's lifestyle. A healthy balanced diet, avoiding alcohol, having sex, and exercising regularly will help speed recovery, be an effective way to prevent prostate disease, and help maintain men's health.