Prostatitis is a formidable disease of the male genital area, often affecting young men under the age of forty. Although its symptoms (decreased libido, difficulty urinating, pain in the groin area) can be very painful, men are in no rush to seek medical help.
And the reason for this is the insufficient amount of information about this disease, there are too many myths and prejudices about it.
However, the manifestations of prostatitis only worsen with time, therefore, at the first signs of prostatitis, it is urgent to contact a qualified urologist.
Reasons for prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. Doctors classify the acute stage of the disease and the chronic. If the former is not treated, the inflammation quickly turns into a chronic form and is fraught with many complications, such as sexual dysfunction and even the development of a malignant prostate tumor.
What are the reasons for its appearance?
These are just some of them:
- Sexually transmitted diseases. Often men are carriers of this or that infection, without even knowing it, since the disease is completely asymptomatic. However, this image is very misleading. As soon as the immune system fails, for example, under the influence of a stressful situation, this prompts the development of prostatitis. The most common causative agents of the disease are the herpes virus, Candida fungus, Escherichia coli, etc.
- Untreated bladder infections. In this case, the infection spreads easily to the nearby prostate.
- Blood stagnation in the pelvic area. A sedentary lifestyle, irregular sex life can lead to this. In this case, the so-called non-bacterial prostatitis occurs.
- Regular hypothermia, stress, presence of infectious foci, including decayed teeth, in the body.
- Prostatitis can develop as a complication after serious infectious diseases: flu, tonsillitis, and others.
The main symptoms of prostatitis
The most common signs of this ailment, whatever the cause, are:
- reduced power;
- pain and difficulty urinating;
- pain of varying severity in the groin and genitals.
Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis
As mentioned above, the first stage of bacterial prostatitis is acute, lasting no more than 3-5 days, after which it slowly becomes chronic.
It is very important not to miss the first symptoms of the disease:
- Pain in the groin and scrotum;
- Sharp pain when urinating;
- Drawing pain after intercourse in glans;
- Impaired erection, shortened duration of intercourse.
A few days after the first symptoms appear, the pain disappears and the men have the misleading impression that the threat has passed. However, this only suggests that prostatitis is slowly but surely turning into a chronic form.
This disease course is characterized by:
- Alternate periods of remission and exacerbation of prostatitis;
- Difficulty urinating, frequent urgency, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder adds to the previous symptoms of the disease.
In the period of exacerbation of chronic bacterial prostatitis, patients suffer from the same symptoms as in the acute form.
Even seemingly harmless factors can cause it:
- An erection that did not come to fruition;
- Stress and overwork;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Irregular sex life;
- Smoking and alcohol abuse.
Non-bacterial prostatitis symptoms
This condition is also commonly called stagnant prostatitis. This is the most dangerous and common type of pathology. Its development is directly related to the lifestyle of a modern person.
Medical researchers compare chronic congestive prostatitis in terms of its harmfulness and prevalence with such dangerous diseases as tuberculosis or cancer, because its advanced form is a direct path to oncological damage to the prostate gland.
This form of the disease can be discussed when the inflammation of the prostate was not caused by any microorganisms, but by other factors: a prolonged absence of sexual intercourse, a sedentary lifestyle, regular stressful situations.
This conclusion can be drawn from the results of bacteriological investigation, which shows the absence of pathogenic microorganisms.
The symptomatology of this form of the disease is somewhat different from the bacterial one:
- Patients complain of constant or periodic dull pain in the pelvic area, lower abdomen, groin, and genitals;
- Sexual dysfunction and urination problems;
- Depressed mental state of patients
Symptoms of asymptomatic chronic prostatitis
This is a latent form of the disease. As the name implies, it is asymptomatic, that is, there is an inflammatory process in the prostate, but this does not in any way affect the patient's condition.
Some medical researchers tend to view this form of pathology only as normal age-related changes in the prostate gland, which occur due to poor blood supply to the organ.
This disease is often discovered in a patient by accident, for example, during an abdominal operation associated with a completely different diagnosis.
To avoid prostatitis, you need to know its causes.
So, the main measures for the prevention of inflammation of the prostate:
- Although the main measure for preventing prostatitis, as mentioned many times, is regular sex life, you should still avoid casual sex or make sure to use barrier contraception. This measure is mandatory, since around 30% of cases of prostate inflammation are associated with sexually transmitted diseases. An alternative to sex: masturbation, is also well received by urologists, since nothing less than a full sexual intercourse helps improve the blood supply to the prostate gland.
- Physical activity, active lifestyle. Physical education and sports are useful as a general strengthening measure, but it is worth focusing on exercises that improve blood circulation in the pelvic area. These include running, ice skating, skiing, etc.
- Regular preventive exams by a urologist or andrologist, at least once a year.
- Timely treatment of foci of infection in the body, for example, sanitation of the oral cavity.
Prostatitis diagnosis: complex and multifaceted
The diagnosis of prostatitis is mainly associated with the identification of the cause of the disease and includes the following stages:
- Of great importance to clarify the picture of the disease is the questioning of the patient, who must describe in detail his complaints: the location of certain sensations, their duration, what events are associated with the manifestations, after whatwhich they started. In addition, at the reception, the doctor carefully examines the patient's medical history for diseases, tests and previous examinations. The urologist clarifies the patient's information about sexuality, the presence of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Examination of a smear and scraping from the urethra. A higher number of leukocytes in the smear and the presence of pathological microflora in the scraping will indicate the presence of infection.
- General urinalysis. It helps to identify the presence of infection, its presence is indicated by a greater number of leukocytes (more than 5).
- Ejaculation analysis. It is done to confirm the diagnosis of nonbacterial prostatitis.
- Prostate ultrasound. It allows you to see the picture of the disease to the fullest. It is carried out to clarify the diagnosis of acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate, suspected cancer.
Pain and decreased potency, like the first signs of prostatitis
Most of the time, doctors have to deal with an already advanced form of the disease, as most men tend to ignore the first warning signs: groin pain and decreased libido, orthe disease itself is asymptomatic up to a certain time.
These are the characteristics of the male anatomy: in the prostate area, blood circulation is difficult, it is a "breeding ground" for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, a sedentary lifestyle significantly aggravates this problem. Therefore, the reason for the massive spread of prostatitis among truck drivers and office workers becomes obvious.
In one form or another, up to 50% of the entire male population in the world has ever experienced some type of prostatitis symptoms. Therefore, it is very important to know the first signs of the disease and to seek medical help in a timely manner. After all, treating an advanced form of the disease is a long-term and expensive undertaking.
Treatment that returns the patient to a full life
Of course, early prostatitis is much easier to eliminate than an advanced disease. However, it is the chronic form that doctors have to deal with most often, and it usually requires long and complex treatment.
But in any case, you must first identify the root cause of the pathology - blood stasis and (or) an inflammatory process in the prostate.
So, the complex treatment of prostatitis includes:
- Inflammatory processes are treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Also, the drugs are prescribed both in the form of tablets and in the form of rectal suppositories. In the complex, infusions of medicinal herbs (chamomile, calendula), which are introduced in the form of microclysters, help well.
- However, the treatment of prostatitis should not be limited to taking drugs, it should be aimed at restoring blood circulation in the prostate area, and this involves a complex of physiotherapeutic and therapeutic exercises. Such measures contribute to better absorption of antibacterial drugs, as they improve the blood supply to the prostate gland. Doctors are often prescribed for prostatitis: electrophoresis, laser therapy, magnetotherapy;
- Prostate massage. This procedure is useful and effective, but it should not be done at home, without consulting a doctor, as it has many contraindications, including the acute phase of the disease.
In summary, we can say that the issue of treatment and prevention of prostatitis largely depends on the desire and activity of men themselves. Elementary morning exercises, regular preventive exams by a urologist, balanced nutrition - this is the key to male strength and longevity!